Towns in the former Papal States can present some problems for those researching their family tree since these towns did not start keeping civil records until around 1870 and many did not make the traditional ‘second copy’ of every record. It was these duplicate records that were eventually sent to the State Archives. The Mormon Church has microfilmed many records held by the Italian State Archives and for the Papal States this resulted in gaps for many of the years filmed. This does not mean that the records do not exist. In fact, in most towns, the originals are still intact with no gaps in the records, assuming that they were not destroyed during the war or by fire or flood. Parish records can then be consulted and these will often take your research back into the 1500’s.